antitrust laws
Legislation designed to encourage an *efficient market. Antitrust laws are intended to combat the activities of *monopolies and *cartels, and to enhance *competition in a market. Antitrust laws originated in the United States: The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 was landmark legislation that made monopoly or the restraint of trade illegal. The 1890 Act reflected growing public opinion in the late nineteenth century that legislation could be used to control the imperfections of *free-market economies. The term antitrust was adopted because "trust" was a common term for monopoly in the nineteenth century. Other landmark U.S. antitrust laws include the Clayton Act of 1914, the Robinson-Patman Act of 1936, and the Celler-Kefauver Act of 1950. Antitrust laws have spread around the world: The concept has been introduced into Italy, for example, where the term "antitrust" has been directly adopted from English into the Italian language.

Auditor's dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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