Chinese Institute of Certified Public Accountants
CICPA China’s main professional accounting and external auditing organization. The CICPA was established in 1988, more than a century after its equivalents in most English-speaking countries. Its late foundation reflects China’s estrangement from the world economy for much of the twentieth century and, from the 1980s, its gradual liberalization from previously strict *command economy structures. The introduction of capitalist practices to China led to the need for a Western-style accounting and external auditing profession. The CICPA was created to meet this need, adopting the U.S. terminology of the *Certified Public Accountant. Article 3 of its charter (available in English on its Web site) states that it aims to "serve the socialist market economy." Web site (Chinese only, except for the CICPA charter):

Auditor's dictionary. 2014.

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